The Lost City of Mohenjo-Daro

by Arsh Gill

       

India is known for his ancient history and rich cultures and Mohenjo-Daro is one of many ancient cities of India that was lost forever… Mohenjo-Daro the name itself means the “mound of the dead”. Mohenjo-Daro was a city located in the south of Modern Pakistan in Sindh on the bank of the Indus River. It was built five thousand years ago, and lasted until 3,700 BC. It was part of the Harappa Civilization and at its peak, the city had at least 35,000 residents. Mohenjo-Daro civilization was a highly intelligent society with a wide ranging diet that consisted of meat from both wild and domesticated animals and a variety of wheat, barley, peas and lentils; this diet was a huge step forward in human progression from the hunter-gatherers.

Mohenjo-Daro is probably the best known of the Indus Valley civilisation cities. Similar in style that dates to Harappa civilization in Morden day Pakistan, it was built almost entirely of kiln fired bricks between 2,500 and 2,100 BC. The city also had a great bath that was used for religious purposes. The great bath was huge, the outer walls of the great bath measure between 7 and 8 feet in thickness. The site was discovered in the 1920’s by the British Archaeology’s J. Fleet and Sir John Marshall.  From the artifacts they found on the site, they realized that Mohenjo-Daro Civilization also had a writing system.  The people would write on clay tablets, but unfortunately, the Archaeologists cannot translate the texts. They also found seals, necklaces, games and statues of priest king and dancing girls. They found a lot of symbols. The Archaeologists found clay toys and board games for kids to play with.

For several years, the archaeologists couldn’t figure out why people of Mohenjo-Daro abandoned this great city, but there were a lot of theories of what happened to the people of Mohenjo-Daro. Some Archaeologists believe that there was great battle between people of Mohenjo-Daro and by their neighboring tribes. After the Archaeologists dug deeper on the site, they found several skeletons with sword-cuts and two of them were holding hands and lying together. The remains tell a tragic end to this great civilization, after their neighboring tribe took over the city and killed everyone that was in town and then later destroyed the city. Now there’s only old piles of bricks and the history of Mohenjo-Daro’s people is hidden in the dirt somewhere just waiting to be discovered.